(2.2) New Formalist Poetry
- reacts against the mainstream poetry with its open forms, free verse, and melancholy tone
- revives rhyme, metre, and the tradition of narrative poetry
- pioneers use of the narrative in lyric poems
- aims to win for poetry the status of a popular genre as it supposedly was in the 19th century
- differs from the Academic Formalism in 1950s-60s in abandoning mere display of intellect, irony, and complexity
- resigns at elitism in favour of colloquial language and subjects from popular culture
- unlike the earlier Formalists attracts many women poets who eventually accomplish better poetry than the men
- alternately called Neo-Formalism or Expansive Poetry
(1) 1970s: emerges together with Language Poetry as another alternative to the mainstream workshop lyric
(2) 1980s: reaches its climax
> The Reaper (1980-9): a satirical magazine edited by Mark Jarman and Robert McDowell, uses the satirical mask of the reaper to criticize the dominant free verse poetry
(3) 1990s: becomes assimilated to the mainstream
Dana Gioia (b. 1950)
- a male poet and essayist
> ‘Can Poetry Matter’ (1992): an essay criticizing the decrease of readership in poetry and the mainstream poets
> ‘Money’, ‘Planting a Sequoia’, ‘Unsaid’
Vikram Seth (b.1952)
- of Indian origin
- poet, prose writer, author of travel books
> The Golden Gate (1986): an Onegin-type verse novel, about San Francisco yuppies, became a bestseller
Gjertrud Schnackenberg (b. 1953)
- of Norwegian origin
- considered the best poet of New Formalism
> Portraits and Elegies (1982), The Lamplit Answer (1985), The Throne of Labdacus (2000): her three collections
> ‘Supernatural Love’: interweaves the parallel motives of physical pain and its definition in language
Annie Finch (b. 1956)
- began writing performance poetry influenced by the beat generation
- turned to New Formalism
> ‘Dickinson’, ‘A Reply from his Coy Mistress’
Richard Katrovas (b. 1953)
- author of raw lyrics sympathizing with loser types
> ‘Love Poem for an Enemy’: characteristically combines formally precise diction and vulgar expression
> ‘Elegy for My Mother’
Anne Carson (b. 1950)
- of Canadian origin
- educated in classical philology which she merges with topical cultural phenomena
- author of thought-provoking texts mingling philosophy, prose, essay, and creative translation
PředmětNorth American Poetry 1945 - 2002.
SemestrLetní semestr 2008/09.
StatusVolitelný seminář pro III. blok.
Flajšar, Jiří. Dějiny americké poezie. Ústí nad Orlicí: Oftis, 2006.
Jařab, Josef. American Poetry and Poets of Four Centuries. Praha: SPN, 1989.
Jařab, Josef, ed. Dítě na skleníku. Praha: Odeon, 1989.