Background to the Middle Ages
Prehistory: The Iberians, the Picts; the creation of the Stonehenge
5th century B.C.: The Celts, the Gauls; evidence in the language: e.g. bog, glen and many proper nouns; the origin of the Arthurian legend
43 - c. 420 A.D.: Roman invasion and occupation of Britain
c. 450: Anglo-Saxon Conquest, the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians; evidence in the language: Essex, Sussex and Wessex, occupied by the East, South and West Saxons
597: St Augustine arrives to Kent; beginning of Anglo-Saxon conversion to Christianity
871 - 899: Reign of King Alfred the Great
1066: Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror, the Battle of Hastings
1360 - 1400: Geoffrey Chaucer; Piers Plowman; Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
1485: William Caxton's printing of Sir Thomas Malory's Morte D'Arthur, one of the first books printed in England
- the Middle Ages = the time span from the collapse of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance
- the date 1485 = the year of the accession of Henry VII and the beginning of the Tudor dynasty, used to mark the end of the Middle Ages for convenience
(1) Anglo-Saxon England (c. 450 - 1066)
- language: Old English, in this period clearly displays the kinship to other Germanic languages
- literature: shares a body of heroic as well as Christian legends with other Germanic literatures
- texts: Beowulf, "The Wanderer"
(2) Anglo-Norman England (1066 - c. end of the 13th century)
- language: the French of the ruling class, remains in loan words in the English vocabulary
- literature: fascination with the legendary hero Arthur, originating in Celtic literature
(3) Middle English Literature in the 14th and 15th Centuries
- language: Middle English, gradual displacement of French by English
- literature: emergence of the awareness and pride in a uniquely English literature, a new sense of English as literary medium able to compete with French and Latin
- texts: Geoffrey Chaucer; Piers Plowman; Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
PředmětBritská literatura 3.
SemestrZimní semestr 2008/09.
StatusPovinná přednáška pro III. blok.
Abrams, M. H., ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. 7th ed. Vol. 1. New York: Norton, 1999.
Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.