Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "The American Scholar".
- One Man present to all particular men only partially, or trough one faculty
- the divided or social state distributes the functions (e.g. priest, scholar, statesman) to individuals who perform only their portions of work
- man is thus metamorphosed into a thing, into many things
- the scholar is here Man Thinking
Education of a Scholar
(1) nature: the scholar is the most sensitive to this spectacle
(2) books: the mind of the Past
- books are written not by Man Thinking, but by thinkers
- books for nothing but to inspire
- books look backward and not forward
- only Man Thinking sets out from accepted dogmas
- subordinate with the scholar, but essential
- virtue of labour
- actions lead to gaining insight
Duties of a Scholar
- Man Thinking is to guide men
- Man Thinking is free and brave (to express his opinions)
- Man Thinking wakes those seeking money and power so that they should quit the false good and leap to the true
- self-trust, importance of an individual
AuthorEmerson, Ralph Waldo. (1803 - 1882).
Full Title"The American Scholar".
First ReadAs a speech: Cambridge (Massachusetts): Phi Beta Cappa Society, 1837.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "The American Scholar". (1837). In: The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Nina Baym et al. NY: Norton, 1989.