Fowles, John. (1926 - 2005).
W o r k
- a novelist, poet, and non-fiction writer
- in some ways ‘a modern Thomas Hardy’, especially as a chronicler of his beloved Dorset (himself settled there), and as the editor of Thomas Hardy’s England (1984)
- highly self-conscious: realises the fictiveness of fiction itself
- presents the consciousness of the author as a figure within his own books, at certain points comments on the action, and explains how things might have been different
> sometimes considered a forefather of British postmodernism
The Collector (1963):
- concerned with possession and obsession
- a young clerk, butterfly collector, kidnaps a young woman to add her to his collection
The Magus (1965, revised 1977):
- partly based on his experience as an English teacher on a Greek island
- examines aspects of psychoanalysis and mystical philosophy
The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1969):
- a Victorian palaeontologist gets involved with Sarah Woodruff, a disgraced woman ill-used by a sailor
- formally experimental: uses the device of ‘alternative endings’
> filmed with a screenplay by Harold Pinter (1981)
Daniel Martin (1977):
- includes elements tempting to be read as semi-autobiographical
- a scriptwriter scouts locations for a film in Africa and takes up again with his former lover
- takes place entirely in the mind of a novelist recovering in hospital from a stroke
A Maggot (1985):
- a brilliant recreation of the 18th century mind
- manifests the typically ‘fowlesian’ shifting of identity during the teasing progression of the plot: a prostitute undergoes a transformation to become a fearless Quaker
AuthorJohn Robert Fowles. (1926 - 2005). British.
WorkNovelist. Poet. Non-fiction writer. Author of The French Lieutenant's Woman (1969).
GenresModern fiction, poetry, and non-fiction.
Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.
"John Fowles". Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. www.en.wikipedia.org
Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.
"I was worse off than even Alison was; she hated life, I hated myself. I had created nothing, I belonged to nothingness, to the néant, and it seemed to me that my own death was the only thing that I could create; and still, even then, I thought it might accuse everyone who had ever known me."
From The Magus (1977).