Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Freneau, Philip. (1752 - 1832).

L i f e

- received university education (ministry), studied the classics and English poets

- supported the Revolution: contributed patriotic verse for H. H. Brackenridge’s magazine, called the ‘Poet of the American Revolution’

- travelled Indies > idyllic and sensuous lyrics on the obsession with the beautiful things of nature

- established the National Gazette (Pennsylvania): attacked the Federalist policies of A. Hamilton in favour of the policies of T. Jefferson

W o r k

- conflict between the sensuous x the didactic = the splendour of the American landscape x the self-conscious political satire

“A Poem on the Rising Glory of America”:

- in collaboration with Hugh Henry Brackenridge

“The Prison Ship”:

< his own experience of the imprisonment aboard British ships

“The Prophet Jonah”, “The Pyramids of Egypt”:

- fanciful poems on historical subjects

“The Wild Honeysuckle”, “The Indian Burying Ground”:

- his affection for native themes

> anticipated W. C. Bryant’s lush landscapes, R. W. Emerson’s individualism, and W. Whitman’s embrace of the commonplace in America


"At first thy little being came:

If nothing once, you nothing lose,

For when you die you are the same;

The space between, is but an hour,

The frail duration of a flower".


From "The Wild Honeysuckle".


(Engraving: P. Halping. Source: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    Philip (Morin) Freneau. (1752 - 1832). American.
  • Work

    Poet. The Poet of the American Revolution.
  • Genres

    Political poetry. Satire. Nature poetry. Historical subjects.


Baym, Nina, ed. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.

Bercovitch, Sacvan, ed. The Cambridge History of American  Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Cunliffe, Marcus. The Literature of the United States. London: Penguin, 1991.

Lauter, Paul, ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Lexington: D. C. Heath, 1994.

McQuade, Donald, gen.ed. The Harper American Literature. New York: Harper & Collins, 1996.

Ruland, Richard, Malcolm Bradbury. Od  puritanismu k postmodernismu. Praha: Mladá fronta, 1997.

Vančura, Zdeněk, ed. Slovník spisovatelů: Spojené státy americké. Praha: Odeon, 1979.


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