Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Fuller, Margaret. (1810 - 1850).

L i f e

- a teacher, transl., editor, journalist, literary and social critic, feminist theorist and advocate, and poet

- received a rigorous education led by her father: studied the Bible, the classics, W. Shakespeare, English literature, modern languages (esp. German), and history

- edited the Transcendentalist magazine The Dial  for two years, intended to stimulate the readership to thinking

- initiated the weekly ‘Conversations’ = meetings of women at the Boston home of the teacher Elizabeth Peabody to discuss various topics under Fuller’s intellectual leadership

- travelled Europe, met literary men, experienced the revolution in Italy, and converted to socialism

- only in Europe solved her life-long tension between being a woman x a writer, and fully discovered her both qualities

W o r k

C r i t i c i s m :

- wrote unfavourable literary-critical reviews on J. R. Lowell and H. W. Longfellow

- considered to rank with E. A. Poe as one of America’s first major literary critics

- also wrote socially critical essays: tackled controversial public issues including the neglect of the blind and the insane, the abuses of female prisoners, etc.

N o n - f i c t i o n :

“The Great Lawsuit: Man Versus Men. Woman Versus Women.”  (1843):

- a tightly argued powerful essay, published in The Dial

- argues to free men and women from their social roles

- a woman <=> a slave

Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845): 

- an expanded version of “The Great Lawsuit”

- laden with scholarly allusions

Summer on the Lakes (1844):

- a journal account of her trip to the Midwest

- an intellectual miscellany

> a model for H. D. Thoreau's A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers

Papers on Literature and Art (1846):

= a collection of essays, published shortly before her departure for Europe

Life Without and Life Within (1858, posthumously):

= a collection of essays, poems, and reviews

Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli (1852, posthumously):

= her life recreated by her friends R. W. Emerson, James Freeman Clarke, and W. H. Channing


(Picture: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    (Sarah) Margaret Fuller (Ossoli). (1810 - 1850). American.
  • Work

    Teacher. Critic. Journalist. The first American feminist.
  • Genres

    Romanticism. Transcendentalism. Essay. Travel writing.


Baym, Nina, ed. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.

Bercovitch, Sacvan, ed. The Cambridge History of American  Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Cunliffe, Marcus. The Literature of the United States. London: Penguin, 1991.

Lauter, Paul, ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Lexington: D. C. Heath, 1994.

McQuade, Donald, gen.ed. The Harper American Literature. New York: Harper & Collins, 1996.

Ruland, Richard, Malcolm Bradbury. Od  puritanismu k postmodernismu. Praha: Mladá fronta, 1997.

Vančura, Zdeněk, ed. Slovník spisovatelů: Spojené státy americké. Praha: Odeon, 1979.


"What I mean by the Muse is that unimpeded clearness of the intuitive powers, which a perfectly truthful adherence to every admonition of the higher instincts would bring to a finely organized human being.... Should these faculties have free play, I believe they will open new, deeper and purer sources of joyous inspiration than have yet refreshed the earth".

From Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845).


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