Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Gaskell, Elizabeth. (1810 - 1865).

W o r k

- preoccupied with Manchester = the urban phenomenon of the age

> commercial success of manufacture, pioneering of the factory system, and use of huge amounts of human and physical energy

> human problems of rapid industrialisation, divisions of class, hard labour, and low quality of life

Mary Barton (1848):

- a ‘Tale of Manchester Life’

- the industrial conflict, strikes and lock-outs, enforced unemployment, low wages, and the consequentially growing class-consciousness

- an observation of contrasting ways of living, working, and perceiving: the ignorance of both the readers and characters of Manchester slum conditions

North and South (1854 - 1855):

- her second Manchester novel, politically optimistic

- contrasts the snobberies, chivalries, and artificiality of the country gentry of the South x the anti-gentlemanly self-made manufacturers of the North

- admires the independence and pride of industrial workers despite the appalling working and living conditions x against the subservience, acquiescence, and superstition of the rural poor

Sylvia’s Lovers (1863) and Wives and Daughters (1864 - 1866):

- her finest novels about the growth of contrasted female protagonists

(1) Sylvia's Lovers: a farmer’s daughter, barely educated, self-willed, and passionate, divided between resolution x equally heady irresolution: her marriage proves a disaster

(2) Wives and Daughters: a respected widowed doctor’s daughter grows to maturity through a series of domestic crises: her marriage proves a meeting of equals


"Margaret's whole soul rose up against him while he reasoned in this way—as if commerce were everything and humanity nothing."

From North and South (1854 - 1855).


(Portrait: George Richmond. 1951. Source: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    Elizabeth Cleghorn Stevenson. Married Gaskell. (1810 - 1865). British.
  • Work

    Novelist. Author of "Manchester Novels".
  • Genres

    Victorian period. Regionalism. Urban novel.


Abrams, Meyer Howard, ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.

Baugh, Albert C. ed. A Literary History of England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967.

Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. London: Penguin, 1993.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.


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