Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Hughes, Ted. (1930 - 1998).

L i f e

- husband of the American poet Sylvia Plath who commited suicide in 1963 

W o r k

- preocuupied with nature as the world of raw sensation

- sees nature through the eyes of the predator

> appointed Poet Laureate (1985)

The Hawk in the Rain (1957) and Lupercal (1960):

< influenced by D. H. Lawrence’s Birds, Beasts, and Flowers (1923)

- fascinated with animal energy and independence

- includes electrifying descriptions of jaguar, thrushes, and pike

- also presents the decay of wild animals caused by their restraint: a caged jaguar, a macaw in a cage, etc.

- relates the predators to forces underlying all experience: contrasts human aspirations to freedom and power x the instinctive animal achievement of both

> “Hawk Roosting”:

- represents the consciousness of an animal

x but: expresses the animal single-mindedness with an human-like arrogance

Crow: From the Life and Songs of the Crow (1970):

- abandons realism and the traditional metre for extravagant mythic structures

- a sequence of poems about the crow: a survivor and a blackly comic metaphysical speculator

- creates new myths about God, re-enacts aspects of the stories of Adam, Oedipus, Ulysses, and Hamlet

- redefines established ideas by intense, even brutal stabs at meaning

Moortown (1979) and Flowers and Insects (1989):

- returns from wild mythicism to a more traditional rendering

- presents the natural world with arresting delicacy and tenderness

Tales from Ovid (1997):

- a brilliant recreation rather than translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses

- projects his fascination with violence and the fusion of the wild x the human

Birthday Letters (1998):

- a sequence of poems all but two addressed to his late wife

- after 35 years breaks his dignified silence about their marriage

- celebrates their love and precisely recalls what was lost and what gained


(Photo: Rob Lycett. 1993. Source: Wikipedia).

  • Author

    Edward James Hughes. Penname Ted Hughes. (1930 - 1998). British.
  • Work

    Poet. Author of nature poems about predators.
  • Genres

    Modern poetry. Nature poetry. Children writing.


Abrams, Meyer Howard, ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.

Baugh, Albert C. ed. A Literary History of England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967.

Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. London: Penguin, 1993.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.


"I kill where I please because it is all mine. / There is no sophistry in my body: / My manners are tearing off heads-- / The allotment of death."

From "Hawk Roosting" (1957).


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