Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Macaulay, Thomas Babbington. (1800 - 1859).

L i f e

- a succesful politician: a Member of Parliament for different boroughs, to some of them re-elected for more terms

- served in a political office in India: supported bilingualism in the colony, with English to be used as the language of higher education

> inspired the (pejorative) term "Macaulayism" = the attitude of Indians who adopt the Western culture and lifestyle as their own

W o r k

- first made his reputation as an essayist on literature, history, and politics

Lays of Ancient Rome (1842):

- a collection of ballads about heroic deeds from Roman history

> immensely popular in their time, a common subject for recitation

History of England (1848 - 1861):

- a five-volume monumental history, originally conceived to cover the history to the reign of George III x but: unfinished due his death

- Whiggish attitude to history: perceives the past as an inevitable progression towards liberty and enlightenment

- stresses the rise of constitutional government, personal freedoms, and scientific progress

- preoccupied especially with the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688 and its constitutional effects

- concerned as much with Scotland and Ireland as with England

- concludes with reassuring the values of liberal Victorian Britain

> achieved an immediate popular impact


"Those who compare the age in which their lot has fallen with a golden age which exists only in imagination, may talk of degeneracy and decay; but no man who is correctly informed as to the past, will be disposed to take a morose or desponding view of the present."

From History of England (1848 - 1861).


(Picture: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    Thomas Babbington (or Babington) Macaulay. (1800 - 1859). British.
  • Work

    Prose writer. Poet. Politician. Historian. Author of History of England (1848 - 1861).
  • Genres

    Victorian prose (non-fiction). History and politics.


Abrams, Meyer Howard, ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.

Baugh, Albert C. ed. A Literary History of England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967.

Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. London: Penguin, 1993.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.


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