Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Orwell, George. (1903 - 1950).

L i f e

- born Eric Arthur Blair in India, educated due to a scholarship in a private boarding school in England

- suffered under a sense of guilt about British colonialism and a feeling he must make some kind of personal expiation for it

> accepted a pseudonym as a way of escaping from the class position in which his birth and education had placed him

> underwent an extremely difficult experience as a teacher in Paris and a tramp in England

- remained independent in political and social questions: scorned ideologies, never formally joined a political party x but: sympathized with the Left

W o r k

F i c t i o n

Down and Out in Paris and London (1933):

- an analysis of the narrowness and idiocies of the British

< based his own experience of ill-paid jobs and common lodging-houses

Burmese Days (1934):

- an anti-colonialist novel, based on his experience as an Imperial Police in Burma

The Road to Wigan Pier (1937):

< his experience of the unemployed in the north of England

- explores the untidy ugliness of industrialism, the urban life scarred by unemployment and poverty, and the contrasts between the classes

Homage to Catalonia (1938):

< his experience of the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side

- strongly criticises the Communist part in the Civil War

Animal Farm (1945):

- an animal fable speculating on how a perversion of socialism could develop

- satirises the manifest failure of Communist ideals in Russia

- uses the political corruptions and distortions of language

Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949):

- a dystopia set in a totalitarian England where the government exploits the language of socialism to cover its own tyranny

- language as an instrument of oppression: controlled by the Ministry of Truth which transmits untruth into ‘Newspeak’

N o n - f i c t i o n :

“Looking Back on the Spanish War” (1943):

- analyses his political disillusionment in the Spanish Civil War

“Politics and the English Language” (1946):

- explores the decay of language, criticizes political language, and suggests ways to its improvement


(Orwell in 1933. Source: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    Eric Arthur Blair. Aka George Orwell. (1903 - 1950). British.
  • Work

    Novelist. Essayist. Journalist. Author of Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949).
  • Genres

    Political and social novel. Essay.


Abrams, Meyer Howard, ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.

Baugh, Albert C. ed. A Literary History of England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967.

Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. London: Penguin, 1993.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.


"The Spanish war and other events in 1936 - 37 turned the scale and thereafter I knew where I stood. Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism, as I understand it."

From "Why I Write" (1946).


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