Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Sinclair, Upton. (1878 - 1968).

L i f e

- born in a family destroyed by his father’s drinking x but: of rich relatives

- his own experience of both the poor x the rich > a desire for social justice and improvement

W o r k

- earned for his college by writing humours stories and anecdotes for periodicals

The Journal of Arthur Stirling (1903):

- raged against the materialistic society not supporting its geniuses

- scorned the popular writing he was forced to produce for his living

‘ M u c k r a k e r ’  F i c t i o n :

- used a detailed journalistic style

The Jungle (1906):

- originally a series of newspaper reports based on his actual journalistic examination of the Chicago slaughterhouse conditions

- depicted the exploitation of the workers in the slaughterhouse and offered socialism as a solution

- shocked President Roosevelt, made the government attend to the hygiene of the meat-producing industry x but: did not improve the conditions of workers

The Metropolis (1907) and The Moneychangers (1908):

- concern: the speculation of the stock market

I n t e r - w a r  J o u r n a l i s m :

- wrote journalistic articles against capitalism

Singing Jailbirds:

- a didactic play, expressionistic in technique

Oil! (1927):

- concern: government corruption and its unlawful connection with oil tycoons

Boston (1928):

- concern: the ‘miscarriage of justice’ sentencing two workers to death

P o s t - W W  I I  F i c t i o n :

‘The Lanny Budd Series’:

- includes 11 novels concerned with the illegitimate son of a weapon producer entering in disguise the political scene and influencing the world policies

- covers the political history of America and Europe over the first half of the 20th century

- ends up as an excuse for the American capitalism

> Dragon's Teeth (1942):

- one of the books of the series, won him the Pulitzer Prize


(Photo: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    Upton (Beall) Sinclair (Jr.). (1878 - 1968). American.
  • Work

    Novelist. Journalist. Author of The Jungle (1906).
  • Genre

    Naturalism. Social novel.


Baym, Nina, ed. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.

Bercovitch, Sacvan, ed. The Cambridge History of American  Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Cunliffe, Marcus. The Literature of the United States. London: Penguin, 1991.

Lauter, Paul, ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Lexington: D. C. Heath, 1994.

McQuade, Donald, gen.ed. The Harper American Literature. New York: Harper & Collins, 1996.

Ruland, Richard, Malcolm Bradbury. Od  puritanismu k postmodernismu. Praha: Mladá fronta, 1997.

Vančura, Zdeněk, ed. Slovník spisovatelů: Spojené státy americké. Praha: Odeon, 1979.


"It was the incarnation of blind insensenate Greed. It was a monster devouring with a thousand mouths, trampling with a thousand hoofs: it was the Great Butcher -- it was the spirit of Capitalism made flesh".

Description of the meat factory from The Jungle (1906).


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