Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Washington, Booker T. (1856 - 1915).

L i f e

- son of a black slave and an unknown white slave-owning father

- given his owner's surname (Taliaferro) as a middle name, adopted his stepfather’s 1st name as a surname

- sought to educate himself and proved a tough will

<=> B. Franklin’s concept of self-discipline and self-reliance as the way to the ‘American dream’ for any poor boy

- awarded an honorary master's degree from Harvard University and a honorary doctorate from Dartmouth College

- the 1st Afro-American to be invited to the White House as the guest of President Theodore Roosevelt

W o r k

- a major moderate social activist

- promoted a technical and vocational training for Afro-Americans to enable them earn a decent living, believed the political rights would come only later

- but: later criticised by W.E.B. DuBois who demanded classical rather than practical education for Afro-Americans

- defended the non-assimilation of Afro-Americans

- his lifetime: called the ‘Moses of his race’ x 1960s: dismissed as an ‘Uncle Tom’ by the Afro-American militants during the civil right struggles

Up From Slavery (1901):

= his autobiography

- his rise from a slave child during the Civil War to a prominent public person

“The Atlanta Compromise” (1895):

= his speech presenting his moderate policy

- named "Compromise" by W.E.B. DuBois who thought Washington's policies too mild


"I would permit no man, no matter what his colour might be, to narrow and degrade my soul by making me hate him".

From Up From Slavery (1901).


(Photo: Cheynes Studio. 1903. Source: Wikipedia).

  • Author

    Booker T(aliaferro) Washington. (1856 - 1915). African-American.
  • Work

    Political and social activist. Non-military promoter of Afro-American civil rights.
  • Genres

    Memoir. Political writing.


Baym, Nina, ed. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1995.

Bercovitch, Sacvan, ed. The Cambridge History of American  Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Cunliffe, Marcus. The Literature of the United States. London: Penguin, 1991.

Lauter, Paul, ed. The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Lexington: D. C. Heath, 1994.

McQuade, Donald, gen.ed. The Harper American Literature. New York: Harper & Collins, 1996.

Ruland, Richard, Malcolm Bradbury. Od  puritanismu k postmodernismu. Praha: Mladá fronta, 1997.

Vančura, Zdeněk, ed. Slovník spisovatelů: Spojené státy americké. Praha: Odeon, 1979.


© 2008-2015 Všechna práva vyhrazena.