Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Woolf, Virginia. (1882 - 1941).

W o r k

- with her husband, Leonard Woolf, founded the Hogarth Press (1917 - 1946), publishing among others T. S. Eliot’s works

- herself concerned with the problems of personal identity and personal relationships, the significance of time, change, and memory

- interested in a dissipation of distinctions within a pattern of change and decay in nature as well as in human psyche

- preoccupied with women characters, especially women artists, tends to introduce characters standing for herself

- handles the stream of consciousness so that she brings into prose fiction something of the rhythms and imagery of lyric poetry

C r i t i c i s m :

Modern Fiction (1919):

- an essay rejecting the ‘materialism’ of Arnold Bennett, H. G. Wells, or John Galsworthy in favour of a more delicate rendering of consciousness

A Room of One’s Own (1929):

- a study on the necessity of a private space and private income for the development of a woman writer’s creativity

- a tribute to the English novelists who have established the tradition of women’s writing, e.g. George Eliot, and others

Three Guineas (1938):

- a collection of essays on the position of especially professional women

F i c t i o n :

Mrs Dalloway (1925):

- her most complete representation of a woman character’s mind and her most thorough experiment with the technique of interior monologue

- concerned with the problem of identity

To the Lighthouse (1927):

- concerned with the contemporary discontinuities, fragmentations, and disintegrations in both the external and the spiritual world

- represents the nature of conscious and unconscious mental activity and relates it to a more universal pattern

Orlando (1928):

- her most light-hearted novel, on her relation with the woman she loved

- an exploration of a ‘masculine’ freedom traditionally denied to women

The Waves (1931):

- a series of insights into the identities of characters

The Years (1937):

- her longest novel, on the consequences of waiting, learning, and ageing

Between the Acts (1941):

- her most stylised novel, concerned with an amateur woman writer

- contrast women’s ‘epiphanies’ x the material world of men


(Woolf in 1902. Photo: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    Born Adeline Virginia Stephen. Married Woolf. (1882 - 1941). British.
  • Work

    Novelist. Critic. Publisher. Author of Mrs Dalloway (1925).
  • Genres

    Modernism. Fiction and criticism. 


Abrams, Meyer Howard, ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.

Baugh, Albert C. ed. A Literary History of England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967.

Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. London: Penguin, 1993.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.


"Examine for a moment an ordinary mind on an ordinary day. The mind receives a myriad of impressions--trivial, fantastic, evanescent, or engraved with the sharpness of steel. From all sides they come, an incessant shower of innumerable atoms."

From Modern Fiction (1919).


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