Studium anglistiky na KAA UPOL

Wordsworth, William. (1770 - 1850).

L i f e

- a lifelong friend of Samuel Taylor Coleridge: collaborated on Lyrical Ballads

- in youth radical x in middle age conservative in both politics and religion

W o r k

- associated with the ‘Lake Poets’

- focuses on ‘humble and rustic life’ where ‘the essential passions of the heart find a better soil’ and ‘speak a plainer and more emphatic language’

- concerned with ‘two consciousnesses’, himself as he is now x himself as he once was

> appointed Poet Laureate (1843 - 1850)

Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems (1798) = Lyrical Ballads, with Other Poems (1800, 2nd edition):

- the Preface to the 2nd edition stated the manifesto of Romanticism and the theory of new poetry

- defines poetry as ‘the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings from emotions recollected in tranquillity’

> “Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey”:

- a conversation poem on his intense love to nature and its teachings

- inaugurates his myth of nature as a stimulus to thinking

“The Ruined Cottage”:

-  a powerful tragic poem, gradually revised to delete revolutionary aspects

Poems, in Two Volumes (1807):

> “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”:

- a delicate poem of occasional observation

> “Ode: Intimations of Immortality”:

- a poem of precise recall of sight and sound

“My Heart Leaps up”, “The Solitary Reaper”, “The World is too much with us”, etc.

The Prelude; or, Growth of a Poet’s Mind (1850, posthumously):

- the ‘Prospectus’, i.e. prologue, to his intended long philosophical poem The Recluse

- his autobiographical masterpiece: shapes certain crucial incidents in his life into an ideal pattern of self-representation

- emphasizes the morally educative influence of nature and the interrelationship of a love of nature and a love of humanity

- describes his literal journeys x but: interprets them in retrospect as metaphors for a spiritual journey


(Sketch: Wikimedia Commons).

  • Author

    William Wordsworth. (1770 - 1850). British.
  • Work

    Poet. Co-author of the Manifesto of Romanticism.
  • Genre

    Romantic poetry.


Abrams, Meyer Howard, ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.

Barnard, Robert. Stručné dějiny anglické literatury. Praha: Brána, 1997.

Baugh, Albert C. ed. A Literary History of England. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967.

Coote, Stephen. The Penguin Short History of English Literature. London: Penguin, 1993.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1946.

Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. New York: Clarendon Press, 1994.


"Not in entire forgetfulness, / And not in utter nakedness, / But trailing clouds of glory, do we come / From God, who is our home."

From "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" (1807).


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